Altai Horse

Country of Origin: Russia


One of most ancient breeds of Siberia, the Altai has been shaped in large part by the harsh mountainous climate of their native land. This breed has had a close relationship with the tribesman of the region for centuries.


These animals take their name from the Altai mountains in Southern Siberia & like many breeds from unforgiving climates, they are robustly surefooted. They have always been relied on to carry people & other precious cargo over steep mountainous terrain or through fast moving rivers.

Pure Strain

Through their relative physical isolation, for many years their bloodlines remained fairly pure & new blood was never an accident. Until early in the 20th century, when different breeds were introduced to the Altai stock with the intention of creating larger animals with more capacity for work.

While there may have been new blood introduced over the years, there is always a portion of the breed that is kept pure to maintain a strain of their ancient gene pool. In fact, there are still small bands of aboriginal horses in some regions of the Upper Altai even today & their physical charactoristcs retain many of the qualities of their ancestors.


Average height 13.2 – 13.3 hands
Perform well under adverse conditions
Surefooted & tough
Hardy & undemanding animals


Large, coarse head with small eyes
Short, fleshy neck
Long, dipped back
Legs are short & well-set
Feet and strong & sound

Traditional Colors

black | chestnut | grey | bay
Leopard pattern is rare


Stable & sensible animals
Strong & true
Hard workers
Easy to care for


Trekking animals
Beasts of burden
Riding horses

The Altai horse is also known as the Alta’s Kaya horse.

Altai Horse Breed History

The Altai horse is also known as the Alta’s Kaya horse, and the name Altai is derived from the breed’s place of origin, which is the Altai Mountains in Central Asia. This is one of the oldest equine breeds, as these surefooted, strong horses were bred, raised, and used as packhorses and mounts by the nomadic people of the area hundreds of years ago.

The environment in which the Altai horses lived was cold, harsh, and bleak, so the breed has adapted over time in order to endure the difficult climate and conditions of the mountainous region. Their constitution became hardy and they developed high amounts of endurance and strength, especially because the nomads did not take care of them and instead left the horses to take care of themselves. As a result of this long history and adaptability, the Altai is also considered one of the hardiest equine breeds on the planet today.

Although the Altai horses were pureblooded initially, there has been some crossbreeding in the breed’s more recent history. More specifically, in the early part of the 20th century, the Soviet Government decided to improve the breed by crossing it with other Russian breeds, such as the Russian Don horse and the Orlov Trotter horse. As a result of the breeding program, the Altai horse became even bigger while still maintaining its hardiness.

In addition to the animals that have been used for breeding, Altai horses continue to exist today in their original, native form in the Altai Mountains.

Breed Traits

The Altai horse is also known as the Alta’s Kaya horse.

Altai horses can be described as gentle animals that are easy to handle, as well as easy to take care of because they have adapted to be able to fend for themselves even in the harshest outdoor conditions.

When it comes to their personality, these unique horses are generally considered hard working, so it usually does not take a lot of effort to get these horses to work with you. They are also considered sensible, stable, and true animals that are trustworthy and dependable. Therefore, they could make wonderful companions for all levels of riders and trainers, as well as anyone who is searching for a great horse breed that could help with work tasks or just be used for general riding.

The Altai is one of the oldest and hardiest equine breeds.

Overall Description

Altai horses have evolved to show incredible strength and surefootedness, particularly over rough terrain like steep mountain trails or rapidly moving streams and rivers. These horses are sturdy and they can survive in the toughest weather conditions as well. As a result of their adaptations to their environment, these animals have well developed tendons, muscles, and lungs, as well as a strong heart.

When looking at an Altai horse, you will note that they feature a profile that is slightly dished, along with a head that is large and coarse but average in terms of length. You will also notice a neck that is relatively short and fleshy, as well as eyes that are small. And these horses will have a well developed croup, short but strong and well set legs, and a strong back that is slightly dipped and long. Plus, when checking their hooves, you will notice that they are sound and strong as well.Altai horses show incredible strength and surefootedness.


The Altai horse is also known as the Alta’s Kaya horse.

The Altai horse will usually feature a coat that is gray, black, bay, or chestnut. As a result of the breeding program that has been used to improve these horses, the Appaloosa pattern has largely been lost; however, you might sometimes see an Altai horse with a leopard spotted pattern that features black spots.

Grooming Requirements

Because the Altai horse is not tall, it might be easier to groom this horse compared to grooming other breeds. And you can use the same routine to groom your Altai as you would use for any other equine. For example, when your Altai becomes too dirty for a simple brushing session, you could bathe him with a gentle equine shampoo.

When brushing your Altai horse, you could use a variety of tools to get the coat totally clean, smooth, sleek, and soft. For example, you could start with a curry comb, which will come in handy when you need to remove a lot of debris, dirt, and loose hair from the horse’s coat. Using circular motions will allow you to get the job done efficiently before you move on to using a dandy brush to remove even more dirt and loose hair. Then you could use a body brush to thoroughly clean the more sensitive areas on your Altai’s body, such as the head and the lower legs. Finally, using a mane comb and a tail brush will let you detangle the hair and clean it so that it will be smooth and attractive. And after you use a hoof pick to thoroughly clean out the hooves as you check them for infections and injuries, you could also use a moistened cloth to clean around the delicate ears and eyes.

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